Population and Family Planning

Population Trend

The latest Census of Population (POPCEN 2007) conducted by the NSO showed the Philippine population at 88,574,614 persons as of August 1, 2007, up from the 76.50 million in the 2000 census.

Census Year Census Reference Date Philippine Population
(in millions)
2007 August 1, 2007 88.57
2000 May 1, 2000 76.50
1995 September 1, 1995 68.62

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Family Planning

Family planning policy has changed over the years but one thing has not changed –and that is the influence of the Catholic Church on this issue. About 85% of the population are Catholic thus the Church wields tremendous influence on the people, and even on the different administrations. Former President, Corazon Aquino, who was strongly supported by the late Manila archbishop Jaime Cardinal Sin, supported the Church’s position against artificial methods of family planning. While her successor, former President Fidel V. Ramos had a more liberal policy, subsequent administrations have adhered to the usual Catholic Church position.

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Issues on Family Planning

  • Access to family planning information

    A study conducted in 2006 by Josefina Cabigon of the University of the Philippines Population Institute (UPPI) and five other experts at the Alan Guttmacher Institute, an international NGO that focuses on sexual and reproductive rights worldwide, says that six in 10 Filipino women had an unintended pregnancy at some point in their lives because of lack of access to and knowledge of modern family planning methods. This translated to about 1.43 million unintended pregnancies each year, a third of which end in abortion.

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Family Planning Services in the Philippines

The provision of family planning services and commodities in the Philippines is done through the health centers where they are given for free. However, it was noted that scarce resources and a fast growing population has led to the shortage of family planning commodities. The USAID has already recommended that the Philippine government reduces its dependence on donations and use of its public funds by tapping other sectors, such as the private sector (profit and non-profit) and NGOs to share in the responsibility of providing family planning services.

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